The pain can be a sign of a serious disease. In this case, the first thing to do would be to investigate the cause of the pain by applying a physician. If this is the necessary physician may recommend the use of drugs according to clinical condition of the people to control the pain. Irrational use of painkillers beyond the control of physicians, may lead to the inability to diagnose or misdiagnosis of the disease by suppressing the pain. Therefore, the patient must consult a physician when using painkillers and he should use pain medication in accordance with the physician’s prescription. Painkillers should be obtained from pharmacies with a prescription and should not be obtained and used in other ways.

The chose and dosage of painkiller can change depending on person and particular diseases and other medications which are being used. It should be noted irrational use of painkillers can damage the person.

The most frequent side effects of using painkillers are gastrointestinal tract problems. In this group of pain relievers can lead to serious problems such as gastrointestinal bleeding, stomach ulcers or intestinal perforation.

In addition, these painkillers may increase risk of heart attack and stroke as causing potentially fatal clot-induced events in the cardiovascular system. It should be kept in mind that use of painkillers can increase blood pressure which is under control with treatment.

In particular, some painkillers may worsen asthma and cause worsening in the patient’s asthma attack goals. This group of patients should be much more careful about use of painkillers.

Irrational use of painkillers can cause damage in many organs, especially the kidneys and liver.

Use in pediatric patients and use of painkillers in pregnancy and lactation should be in absolute control of the physician.

Today, drugs used as painkillers can have chemicals and physical properties that can show quite different from each other. These all have different purposes compared to each other, with different patterns of use and different dosages. Drug which one can have a good result as a good pain reliever may even damage another. Therefore, one should not recommend a painkiller to another.

Doctors should be given prior information about other drugs that are being used and about herbal products. These drugs and products may interact with painkillers and they may increase the risk of occurrence of side effects.

During the use of painkillers always consult a physician or pharmacist when faced with an unexpected situation.

In case you need to use painkillers, some of the things needs to be done to ensure the rational use of analgesics are summarized below;

  • We need to use painkillers under control of physicians. We should warn relatives and friends about painkillers when we think their immediate use is wrong and we need to make contact with the physician or pharmacist.
  • Diseases and symptoms that require the use of pain relievers must be learned from doctors.
  • Why the treatment needs painkillers should be learned absolutely from physicians.
  • Other complimentary treatment information (weight management, exercise, smoking habits, herbal products and diet) must also be learned from physicians. It’s important to keep in mind that some public information regarding this topics can be wrong.
  • When deciding which painkillers to use and also for other medications, patient should help the physician by giving enough information about their medical history.
  • Patients should know the name of the medication
  • Patients should know why they’re using that specific medication, when the medication will start being effective, and how long these effects will continue
  • Patients should know how to use their medications (how many tablets a day, when should they be taken, on a full stomach or not or how many days it should be taken etc.)
  • Whether these medications have drug-drug interactions or drug-disease interactions or not
  • Side effects of medications
  • What to do when faced with a side effect
  • Patients should also know whether they need another checkup visit to clinic or not.

If the patient thinks that physician didn’t gave the necessary information, they should ask the questions they had in their mind to physician. Patients should not hesitate in this regard. Patients should also consulate with pharmacist on the topics mentioned above. If the patient thinks that physician didn’t gave the necessary information, they can also ask the questions they had in their mind to their pharmacists.

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